Museum of Artifacts: 14000 years-old bisons sculpture found in Le Tuc D’Audoubert cave, France

Museum of Artifacts: 14000 years-old bisons sculpture found in Le Tuc D’Audoubert cave, France

Museum of Artifacts: 14000 years-old bisons sculpture found in Le Tuc D’Audoubert cave, France

The bison stood next to each other, built from the walls of the cave, leaning in darkness against a small boulder.

While 18 feet are 24 inches long, they are beautifully designed and have a remarkable durability.

The bison remained alone in the dark French cellar for thousands of years until it became apparent at the beginning of the 20th century.

The cave of Tuc Audoubert was discovered by the three sons of Count Henri three Bégouën on 20 July and 10 October 1912.
The cave of Tuc Audoubert was discovered by the three sons of Count Henri three Bégouën on 20 July and 10 October 1912.

The hand signs of the artist are still clearly visible and the techniques used for detailing the face and male objects like these show clearly that people use clay for artistic expressions long before they discover the actual firing of clay.

The walls of these caves also are covered with drawings of bison and other game animals, marked in carbon from the fires, as well as the earth minerals such as iron oxide and manganese, showing that these ceramic coloring materials that we still use today were known to our earliest ancestors.

The bisons’ shaggy mane and beard appear to be carved with a tool, but the jaws are traced by the sculptor’s fingernail.

The impression given is one of immense naturalistic beauty. The female bison is ready to mate, while the Bull is sniffing the air.

Both animals are supported by a central rock and are unbelievably well preserved (proving perhaps that there was never a passage connecting the Tuc d’Audoubert cave with the Trois Freres), although they have suffered some drying out, which has caused some cracks to appear across their bodies.

Also in the chamber are two other bison figures, both engraved on the ground.

Prehistorians have theorized that a small group of people (including a child) remained in the Tuc d’Audoubert cave with the sole reason of participating in certain ceremonies associated with cave art.

The remote location of the clay bison – beneath a low ceiling at the very end of the upper gallery, roughly 650 meters from the entrance, is consistent with their involvement in some type of ritualistic or shamanistic process.

John Smith has been with Histecho since 2017, A Senior Editor & Writer for Histecho. his work has been featured in outlets such as Scientific American, The Washington Post, NBC News, and Fox News. John grew up outside of Philadelphia and studied biology at Hamilton College in upstate New York.