15 Indian Greatest Scientists Inventions, that Change the Modern India and World

15 Indian Greatest Scientists Inventions, that Change the Modern India and World

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15 Indian Greatest Scientists Inventions, that Change the Modern India and World

Science is an inevitable part of life. India as a developing nation has an immense history of science and innovation. From Kautilya’s Arthashastra to Aryabhata’s idea of numbers, the Vedic slokas have said numerous such references to the considerable Indian Scientist.

We Have Enlisted 15 Greatest such remarkable scientists and their contributions to science and innovation and furthermore in the development of the country:

15.Raj Reddy

Raj Reddy Indian Greatest Scientist

Dabbala RajagopalRajReddy was one of the Greatest Scientist Ever, Born in June 13, 1937, is an Indian-American Computer Scientist and a winner  of the Turing Award. He is one of the early pioneers of Artificial Intelligence and has served on the faculty of Stanford and Carnegie Mellon for more than 40 years. He was the establishing executive of the Robotics Institute at Carnegie Mellon University. He was instrumental in helping  to Create Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies in India.

To oblige the instructive needs of the low-pay, skilled, country youth. He is the director of International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad. He is the principal individual of Asian cause to get the ACM Turing Award, in 1994, the most highest honor in Computer Science, for his work in the field of Artificial Intelligence

14.Janaki Ammal

Janaki Ammal Indian Greatest Scientist

Janaki Ammal Edavalath Kakkat was one of the Greatest Scientist Ever, Born in Tellichery (now Thallassery) in Kerala on 4 November 1897.

She was a botanist and cytogeneticist, who picked career over marriage at the period when ladies barely  could remain individually. To take a shot at sugarcane biology, she joined the Sugarcane Breeding Station at Coimbatore. Janaki Ammal additionally turned into the Director General of the Botanical Survey of India.

Aside from sugarcane, she has Worked as a variety of eggplant. Janaki Ammal in England made an rare variety of magnolias, which are presently named after her as Magnolia Kobus Janaki Ammal.

She was awarded the Padma Shri in 1957. Recalling the great soul, the Ministry of Environment and Forestry made the National Award of Taxonomy in 2000.

13.Salim  Ali

salim ali india great scientist

Salim Moizuddin Abdul Ali Born in 12 November 1896, was an Indian ornithologist and naturalist. Sometimes referred to as the “birdman of India”, Salim Ali was among the first Indians to conduct systematic bird surveys across India and wrote several bird books that popularised ornithology in India. He became a key figure behind the Bombay Natural History Society after 1947 and used his personal influence to garner government support for the organisation, create the Bharatpur bird sanctuary (Keoladeo National Park) and prevent the destruction of what is now the Silent Valley National Park.

Along with Sidney Dillon Ripley he wrote the landmark ten volume Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan, a second edition of which was completed after his death. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1958 and the Padma Vibhushan in 1976, India’s third and second highest civilian honours respectively. Several species of birds, a couple of bird sanctuaries and institutions have been named after him.

12.Birbal Sahni

Birbal Sahni Indian Greatest Scientist

Birbal Sahni was one of the Greatest Scientist Ever, born in 14 November 1891, was an Indian paleobotanist who examined the fossils of the Indian subcontinent. He additionally Took Intrest in geography and archaeology. He established what is presently the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany at Lucknow in 1946. His significant commitments were in the investigation of the fossil plants of India and in plant evolution. He was additionally associated with the foundation of Indian science education and filled in as the President of the National Academy of Sciences, India and as a Honorary President of the International Botanical Congress, Stockholm.

11.APJ Abdul Kalam

APJ Abdul Kalam Indian Greatest Scientist

The ‘Rocket Man’ of India was Born on 15 October 1931 into a Muslim family in Rameswaram, as Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam. Served in as the eleventh President of India from 2002 to 2007, Dr. Kalam was Indias most recognized scientist.

In his prior life, Dr. Kalam worked as an Aerospace engineer with Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO). During these Days in ISRO in the 1980s, Dr. Kalam, who was then Project Director launched India’s first indigenous SLVIII (Satellite Launch Vehicle) which effectively sent the Rohini satellite in close to earth’s circle.

He likewise played a critical part at the time of Pokhran-II atomic tests amid 1998 for which he was known as a national hero also.

Dr. Kalam has been Awarded the civilian Award like Padma Bhushan (1981) and Padma Vibhushan (1990) and the most Civilian award Bharat Ratna (1997). He also received Several honors and Fellow from Many professional institutions.

10.Har Gobind Khorana

Har Gobind Khorana Indian Greatest Scientist

Har Gobind Khorana was one of the Greatest Scientist Ever, The Indian-American Bio chemist Born on 9 January 1922 at Raipur village in West Punjab (now in Pakistan).

He was the first to synthesize a artificial gene in a living cell. His contribution in opening the mystery of DNA later prepared for better research in the area of biotechnology and gene therapy.

In 1968 Khorana shared the Nobel Prize for Medicine with Marshall W Nirenberg and Robert W Holley. He was likewise granted the prestigious Padma Vibhushan, Membership of the National Academy of Sciences, the USA and also a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

9.Satyendra Nath Bose

Satyendra Nath Bose Indian Greatest Scientist

Satyendra Nath Bose was one of the Greatest Scientist Ever, Born in 1 January 1894, was an Indian physicist specialising  in Theoretical Physics. He is best known for his work on quantum mechanics in the Early 1920s, providing the Foundation to BoseEinstein Statistics and the Theory of the BoseEinstein Statistics. A Fellow of the Royal Society, he was Awarded India’s second most Civilian Honour, the Padma Vibhushan in 1954 by the Government of India.

The class of particles that obey Bose– Einstein statistics, bosons, was named after Bose by Paul Dirac.

A self-educated scholar and a polymath, he had an extensive variety of interests in changed fields including Physics, mathematics, chemistry, biology, mineralogy, rationality, philosophy, writing, and music. He served on many research work development committees in sovereign India.

8.Dr. Vikram Sarabhai

Dr. Vikram Sarabhai Indian Greatest Scientist

Born to an affluent rich family in Ahmedabad on 12 August 1919, Vikram Sarabhai is recognized as the Father of the Indian Space Program. This was regarded as the best accomplishment of Dr. Sarabhai.

At 28 years old, he successfully established the Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) in Ahmedabad. He was likewise an essential part during the time spent setting up of the world’s biggest government space agency, ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization).

Dr. Sarabhai even started an project to model and launch an Indian satellite, which caused the launch of Aryabhata in 1975 from a Russian Cosmodrome.

For his extraordinary commitment to the field of science, the Government of India presented the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Medal in 1962, Padma Bhushan in 1966 and Padma Vibhushan (after death) in 1972.

7.Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar the Greatest Indian Scientist

The foremost astrophysicist of the 20th century, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar was born in 19 October 1910 in Lahore (which at the time was a Part of British India).

He was the scientist behind pairing the investigation of space science with the study of physics. He also discovered the ‘Chandrasekhar limit’ where he proved the maximum mass of a stable white dwarf star.

Chandrasekhar was awarded the Padma Vibhusan (1968), Nobel Prize in Physics (1983), National Medal of Science (1966), and many more.

6.Homi J Bhabha

Homi J Bhabha Indian Greatest Scientist

Born on 30 October 1909 in Bombay, Homi Jehangir Bhabha was the Father of the Indian atomic research program.

Being an nuclear physicist, he assumed an imperative part in the Quantum Theory. He additionally turns into the First Chairman of the Atomic Energy Centre of India.

He was the founding  director of the Atomic Energy Centre, Trombay (AEET) which is presently named after him as the Bhabha Atomic Research Center.

For his precious contributions to science and engineering, he was respected with the Padma Bhushan in 1954.

5.M Visvesvaraya

M Visvesvaraya Indian Greatest Engineer

15th September consistently is praised as Engineers Day recalling India’s most prominent engineer, Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya. He was Born on 15 September 1861, in Muddenahalli close Chikkaballapur.

He additionally filled in as Diwan of Mysore from 1912 to 1918. Aside from being an eminent scholar, he has contributed his enormous learning to control water resources. Visvesvaraya bags credit for the development of automatic floodgate entryways and block Irrigation system .

He was granted the Bharat Ratna in 1955 and the British knighthood.

4.C. V. Raman

C V Raman the Indian Greatest Scientist

Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was Born at Tiruchirappalli in the Southern Part of India on 7 November 1888.

His exceptional inventions Include the ‘Raman Effect‘, where he demonstrated that light can travel a transparent material, while some light Deflect changing the wavelength. Raman is respected the first individual to explore the harmonic idea of sounds as he immensely dealt with the acoustics of melodic instruments.

His commitment to the area of science was exceptional for which he was the first Asian to win the Noble Prize for Physics in 1930. At that point in 1954, he was honored with Bharat Ratna as well.

3.Srinivasa Ramanujan

Srinivasa Ramanujan Indian Greatest Scientist

Ramanujan was a man of numerous abilities. He was Born in 22 December 1887 in Erode, Tamil Nadu.

Ramanujan is perceived as one of the best Indian mathematicians with no formal training. Rather, he was a school dropout because of low economic conditions.

He was the second and most youthful Indian to join a Fellowship of the Royal Society. His remarkable commitment to the universe of science Including mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite Series, and continued fractions. However, his most praised findings are said to be the infinite Series of pi.

Tamil Nadu, the birthplace of this mathematician praises his birthday as State IT Day consistently.

2.Prafulla Chandra Ray

Prafulla Chandra Ray Bengali Greatest Scientist

Acharya Sir Prafulla Chandra Ray was one of the Greatest Scientist Ever, Born on 2 August 1861 was a Bengali physicist, educationist, historian, industrialist and philanthropist.A main Bengali patriot, he established the First Indian research school in chemistry and is viewed as the Father of chemical science in India.

The Royal Society of Chemistry respected his life and work with the first ever Chemical Landmark Plaque outside Europe. He was the author of Bengal Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals, India’s first pharmaceutical organization. He is the author of A History of Hindu Chemistry from the Earliest Times to the Middle of Sixteenth Century (1902).

1.Jagadish Chandra Bose

Jagadish Chandra Bose the Indian Greatest Scientist

Jagadish Chandra  Bose is considered as the first Indian modern  researcher, an acknowledgment got from the Royal Institution, London. He was Born in Bikrampur, Bengal Presidency, British India (now Munshiganj District, Bangladesh) on 30 November 1858.

Being an eminent polymath, he demonstrated that plants too have feelings, and can feel pain and love as people do. Bose invented the crescograph (utilized for measuring the development in plants) and the first wireless detection Device as well.

He bags the credit of being the founder in the field of microwave optics technology. Bose was additionally an prominent author and is viewed as the person who presented Bengali science fictions.

JC Bose was made Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire (1903), Companion of the Order of the Star of India (1912) and was the Knight Bachelor (1917).


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P. Natasha Covers Classical Archaeology news and has been with Histecho since 2017. She has a Master's degree in MA Archaeology from New York University's Science, Health and Environmental Reporting program. A California native, she also holds a Bachelor of science in molecular biology and a Master of Science in biology from the University of California, San Diego.

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