Top 10 Greatest Inventions From Ancient History
I wanted to make a List that educates us about the history of Some of the things in life that we underestimate. We all know who invented things like the telephone and the TV, yet we don’t know when or how the staples of life were designed or discovered. In this way, here is a list of 10 things we underestimate and the History of their use. With the exception of one Item(the wheel) the rest come to us from the Paleolithic period. This list is Top 10 Greatest Inventions From Ancient History
10. The Wheel 5,000 BC
The wheel likely began in Ancient Sumer (present day Iraq) in the 5th millennium BC, originally in the function of potter’s wheels. The wheel reached India and Pakistan with the Indus Valley Civilization in the 3rd millennium BCE. Close to the northern side of the Caucasus a few graves were found, in which since 3700 BC individuals had been buried on wagons or carts (both types).
The earliest depiction of what may be a wheeled vehicle (here a wagon—four wheels, two axles), is on the Bronocice pot, an around 3500 BC clay pot excavated in southern Poland.
What is especially interesting about the wheel, is that wheels only occur in nature in the microscopic Form, so man’s use of the wheel couldn’t have been in mimicry of nature.
It is worth noting, in any case, that the rolling motion of the wheel is found in specific creatures that control their bodies into the shape of a ball and roll. The wheel reached Europe and India (the Indus Valley civilization ) in the 4th millennium BC. In China, the wheel is certainly present with the adoption of the chariot in ca. 1200 BC.
9. Twisted Rope 17,000 BC
The use of ropes for hunting, pulling, securing, attaching, carrying, lifting, and climbing dates back to ancient times and has always been fundamental to humankind’s technological progress.
It is likely that the earliest “ropes” were naturally occurring lengths of plant fiber, for example “vines”, took followed soon by the First attempts at twisting and interlacing these strands together to shape the First proper ropes in the modern sense of the word.
Fossilized fragments of “most probably two-ply laid rope of About 7 mm diameter” were found in Lascaux Cave, dating to roughly 15,000 BC. The Ancient Egyptians were likely the first civilization to create unique tools to make rope.
Egyptian rope goes back to 4000 to 3500 B.C. and was generally made of water reed fibers. Other rope in olden times was made up of using the fibers of date palms, flax, grass, papyrus, leather, or animal hair.
8. Musical Instruments 50,000 BC
The first known music instruments were flutes. The flute appeared in various forms and locations around the World.
A three-hole flute Made using a mammoth tusk, (from the Geißenklösterle cave in the German Swabian Alb and dated to 30,000 to 37,000 years prior), and two flutes Made using swans’ bones excavated a Decade Earlier (from a similar cave in Germany, dated to around 36,000 years back) are among the most oldest known musical instruments.
The flute has been dated to ancient times. A fragment of the femur of a juvenile cave bear, with two to four holes, found at Divje Babe in Slovenia and dated to around 43,100 years back, may likewise be an early flute.
Some early flute were made out of tibias (shin bones). Playable 9000-year-old Gudi (literally, “bone flute “), made using the wing bones of red-crowned cranes, with five to eight holes each, were excavated from a tomb in Jiahu in the Central Chinese area of Henan.
7. The Boat 60,000 BC
Archaeological evidence demonstrates that people arrived on New Guinea at least 60,000 years prior, probably by sea from Southeast Asia amid an ice age period when the sea was lower and distances between islands shorter.
The ancestors of Australian Aborigines and New Guineans went over the Lombok Strait to Sahul by boat over 50,000 years ago. evidence from Ancient Egypt shows that the early Egyptians already knew how to assemble planks of wood into a watertight frame, utilizing treenails to fasten them together, and pitch for caulking the seams.
The “Khufu ship”, a 43.6 m long vessel fixed into a pit in the Giza pyramid complex at the foot of the Great Pyramid of Giza in the Fourth Dynasty around 2,500 BC, is a full-size surviving example which may have satisfied the symbolic function of a sloar barque.
6. Pigments 400,000 BC
Naturally occurring pigments , for example, ochres and iron oxides have been used as colorants since ancient times. Archeologists have uncovered evidence that early people used paint for aesthetic purposes, for example, body decoration.
pigments and paint grinding equipment accepted to be between 350,000 and 400,000 years of old have been reported in the Caves at Twin Rivers, near Lusaka, Zambia. Prior to the Industrial Revolution, the range of color available for workmanship and decorative uses was technically constrained.
A large portion of the colors being used were earth and mineral pigments, or colors of biological Origins. Colors from unusual sources, for example, botanical materials, animal waste, bugs, and mollusks were harvested and traded over long distances.
A few colors were expensive or difficult to blend with the range of pigments that were available. Blue and purple came to be related with royalty because of their expense.
5. Spears 400,000 BC
Spear manufacture and use is additionally rehearsed by the Pan troglodytes verus subspecies of the Common Chimpanzee. This is the only known example of animals besides humans crafting and utilizing deadly weapons. Chimpanzees near Kédougou, Senegal were observed to create Spears by breaking straight limbs of trees, stripping them of their bark and side branches, and sharpening one end with their teeth.
They then utilized the weapons to hunt galagos sleeping in hollows. Archeological evidence records that wooden spears were utilized for hunting 400,000 years prior.
However, wood does not preserve well. Craig Stanford, a primatologist and teacher of human sciences at the University of Southern California, has suggested that the discovery of Spear use by chimpanzees probably means that early people utilized wooden spears , perhaps five million years back.
By 250,000 years ago wooden spears were made with Fire hardened points. From 280,000 years back people started to make complex stone blades, which were utilized as spear Points. By 50,000 years back there was an revolution in human culture, leading to more complex hunting techniques.
4. Clothing 500,000 – 100,000 BC
According to archeologists and anthropologists, the earliest clothing presumably consisted of fur, leather, leaves or grass, hung, wrapped or tied about the body for protection from the elements.
Learning of such clothing remains inferential, since clothing materials decay immediately compared with stone, bone, shell and metal artifacts.
Archeologists have recognized early sewing needles of bone and ivory from around 30,000 BC, found near Kostenki, Russia, in 1988. Ralf Kittler, Manfred Kayser and Mark Stoneking, anthropologists at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, have conducted a genetic investigation of human body lice that shows that they originated around 107,000 years ago.
Since most humans have very sparse body hair, body lice require clothing to survive, so this recommends a shockingly recent date for the invention of clothing.
However, a second gathering of researchers used Similar genetic methods to evaluate that body lice originated around 540,000 years back. Most data around there has come from Neanderthal remains.
3. Housing 500,000 BC
Throughout history, primitive people groups have made use of caves for shelter , burial, or as religious sites. Notwithstanding, a recent find by archeologists in Japan gives confirmation of the building of Huts going back as far as 500,000 BC.
The site (on a hillside at Chichibu, north of Tokyo,) has been dated to a period when Homo erectus lived in the region.
It consists of what seem to be 10 post holes, which frame two irregular pentagons thought to be the remaining parts of two huts. Thirty stone tools were discovered scattered around the site.
2. Fire 1,000,000 BC
The ability to control fire is one of mankind’s incredible accomplishments. Fire making to generate heat and light made it possible for Peoples to move to colder climates and enabled people to cook food — a key advance in the fight against illness.
Archaeology indicates that ancestors or relatives of present day people may have controlled fire as early as 790,000 years ago.
Some recent proof may exist to demonstrate that man controlled fire from 1 to 1.8 million years ago(which would make it more older than the Knife below).
By the Neolithic Revolution, during the introduction of grain based agriculture, people everywhere throughout the world utilized fire as an tool in landscape management. These fires were regularly controlled burns or “cool fires”, as opposed to uncontrolled “hot fires” that damage the soil.
1. Knife 2,500,000 – 1,400,000
The earliest knives were formed by percussion flaking from rock, especially water-worn creek cobbles made out of volcanic rock. Amid the Paleolithic time Homo habilis likely made similar tools out of wood, bone, and similar highly perishable material that has not survived.
As Recent as five thousand years prior, as advances in metallurgy progressed,stone, wood, and bone blades were gradually succeeded by copper, bronze, iron, and eventually steel.
The very first stone tool assemblage in prehistory is called the Olduwan by anthropologists. Olduwan tool use is estimated to have begun about 2.5 million years ago, lasting to as late as 1.5 million years ago.
It is suggested that its users comprised a number of species of hominina ranging from Australopithecus to early Homo, and passing its loosely categorized tool tradition between more than one genus.