Top 10 Greatest Empires In History

Top 10 Greatest Empires of all time In History

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Top 10 Greatest Empires of all time In History

The definition of a empire is: when a single entity supreme rule and power over a vast area of territory, which consists of people groups of different ethnicity and nationality. This list is based on the influence, longevity  and ethnicity and  nationality.and, as you will see, it contains at least one or two entries that may strike some as controversial. My one requirement for this list is that the empire must have been ruled – for at least a majority of the time – by a emperor or king. This excludes modern so-called realms, for example, the United States and Soviet Union. The entries here are listed generally by influence  and size.

10. Ottoman Empire

Ottoman Empire

At the height of its power(16th– 17th century), the Ottoman Empire crossed three continents, controlling a lot of Southeastern Europe, Western Asia and North Africa. It contained 29 provinces and various vassal states, some of which were later absorbed  into the empire, while others were granted different types of autonomy  over the span of hundreds of years. The empire was at the center  point interactions between the Eastern and Western worlds for six centuries.

With Constantinople as its capital city, and vast control of lands around the eastern Mediterranean amid the rule of Suleiman the Magnificent (ruled 1520 to 1566), the Ottoman Empire was, in many respects, an Islamic successor toward the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire.

9. Umayyad Caliphate

Umayyad Caliphate

The Umayyad Caliphate was the second of the four Islamic caliphates (systems of governance), set up after the passing of Mohammed. It was led by the Umayyad dynasty, whose name gets from Umayya ibn Abd Shams, the great grand father of the first Umayyad caliph.

In spite of the fact that the Umayyad family initially originated from the city of Mecca, Damascus was the capital of their Caliphate. In the end, it would cover in  more than five million square miles, making it the biggest empire the world had yet seen, and the fifth largest  contiguous empire ever to exist.

The Umayyads set up the largest Arab-Muslim state in history. From the time of Mohammed until 1924, successive and contemporary caliphates were held by different dynasties – the last being the Ottoman Empire (above).

8. Persian Empire or Achaemenid Empire

Persian Empire or Achaemenid Empire

Babylonian, Akkadians, Assyrians, Sumerians, Hitites, Bactrians, Scythians, Parthians, Medes, Elamites, Egyptians, Ethiopians… Before the Romans, there were the Persians.

They basically bound together the entire of Central Asia which comprised of a variety of cultures, kingdoms, empires and tribes. It was the largest  empire in Ancient history. At the height of its power, the empire encompassed approximately 8 million km2.

The Empire was forged by Cyrus the Great, and spread over three continents: Asia, Africa and Europe.

7. Byzantine Empire

Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine Empire, or Eastern Roman Empire, was the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, focused on the capital of Constantinople, and ruled by emperors in direct succession to the Ancient Roman rulers.

It was known as the Roman Empire, and also Romania. during  its existence, of over a thousand years, the Empire stayed a standout amongst the most powerful economic, social and military powers in Europe,despite  setbacks and territorial losses, particularly during the Roman– Persian and Byzantine– Arab Wars.

The Empire received a mortal blow in 1204  by the Fourth Crusade, when it was dissolved and divided into competing Byzantine Greek and Latin Empire.

Despite the eventual recovery of Constantinople and re-establishment of the Empire in 1261, under the Palaiologan emperors, successive civil wars in the 14th century further sapped the Empire’s strength.

6. Han Dynasty

Han Dynasty

During the Chinese time of warring states, the entire of China was involved in a common war as the different  kingdoms within it battled it out with each other in the journey for supremacy. At last, the Qin State won, and gobbled up the entire of China, with 40 million people under it’s control.

The Qin Dynasty didn’t last long, and soon it went to the Han, which in the end controlled China for near 400 years. The period of the Han Dynasty is viewed as a brilliant age in Chinese history as far as scientific achievement, technological advance, economic, cultural and political stability, even to this day, most Chinese people refer to themselves as the Han people. Today, the “Han people” is considered as the largest single ethnic group in the world.

5. English Empire

English Empire

At it’s greatest extent , the British realm was known as the biggest empire ever, as it covered in excess of 13,000,000 square miles, which is approximately a quarter of the Earth’s total land area, and controlled more then 500 million people – again a quarter of the total populace.

Accordingly, the legacy it imprinted on these conquered lands is terms of political reform, cultural trades and lifestyle. The English language, which it spread, is the second most-widely spoken language in the world today, and numerous linguistics agree that English is the defacto standard language of the world.

The British realm is certainly a standout amongst the most powerful domains ever to have existed in mankind’s history.

4. Holy Roman Empire

Holy Roman Empire

During the medieval times, they were considered as the “superpower” of their time. At it’s height, the Holy Roman Empire consisted of eastern France, all of Germany, northern Italy and parts of western Poland. In spite of being relatively small in terms of Empires, its effect on the history of central Europe is still felt today. Incredibly the Empire lasted from the early medieval ages to the 19th century.

The Empire was formally dissolved on 6 August 1806 when the last Holy Roman Emperor, Francis II (later Francis I of Austria), abdicated following a military defeat by the French under Napoleon. Upon its collapse, the following countries emerged: Switzerland, Holland, the Austrian Empire, Belgium, the Prussian Empire, Principality of Liechtenstein, Confederation of the Rhine and the first French Empire.

3. The Russian Empire

The Russian Empire

The Russian Empire was an state that existed from 1721 until the Russian Revolution of 1917. It was the successor to the Tsardom of Russia, and the antecedent of the Soviet Union.

It was the second largest  contiguous empire in world history, surpassed just by the Mongol Empire, and the third largest empire behind the British Empire and the Mongol Empire. At a certain point in 1866, it extended from eastern Europe, across Asia, and into North America.

2. Mongol Empire

Mongol Empire

It all began when Temujin (who was later known as Genghis Khan), promised in his childhood to convey the world to his feet. He nearly did. His first act was bringing together the scattered Mongolian clans. At that point he set his sight on China, and the rest is history.

From Vietnam to Hungary, the Mongol Empire is the biggest bordering empire ever of. Sadly for them, their realm was too big to be controlled, and there was no unity among the diverse cultures.

The Mongols were fearless and ruthless warriors, yet but had little experience in administration . The image of the mongols as a merciless and savage individuals is prestigious through history.

1. Roman Empire

Roman Empire

At first they were ruled by divine kings, at that point they turned into a republic (maybe their most greatest period) before finally becoming an empire. How a group of farmers, who began off fending wolves to protect their livestock, inevitably turned into the best empire in all history is the stuff of legends. Coupled with a excellent military and administrative system, the Roman Empire, or rather ancient Rome, is likewise one of the longest-lasting. Counting from its founding to the fall of the Byzantine empire, old Rome lasted  for a whopping 2,214 years!

Ancient Rome contributed significantly to the advancement of law, war, art, writing, engineering, technology, religion and dialect in the Western world. Truth be told numerous historians view the Roman Empire as a flawless realm – powerful, reasonable, dependable, huge, very much safeguarded and financially progressed.

The impact of the Roman Empire is felt right up ’til the present time, if for no other explanation than the effect on the Catholic Church, which took much of its administrative nous and pageantry from it.

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P. Natasha Covers Classical Archaeology news and has been with Histecho since 2017. She has a Master's degree in MA Archaeology from New York University's Science, Health and Environmental Reporting program. A California native, she also holds a Bachelor of science in molecular biology and a Master of Science in biology from the University of California, San Diego.

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