'Oldest' Iron Age gold work in Britain found in Staffordshire

‘Oldest’ Iron Age gold work in Britain found in Staffordshire

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‘Oldest’ Iron Age gold work in Britain found in Staffordshire

Two treasure hunters have unearthed jewellery that may be Britain’s oldest Iron Age gold ever found.

The collection, called Leekfrith Iron Age Torcs, was discovered in the Staffordshire Moorlands on farmland within the parish of Leekfrith in December.

Two treasure seekers have found jewellery which could be the oldest Iron Age gold ever discovered in Britain. The decoration on this bracelet is thought to be some of the earliest Celtic art from Britain

The four torcs, three necklaces and one bracelet, were found separately about 1 metre apart and were buried by Mark Hambleton and Joe Kania just below the surface.

Their find is not far from the biggest gold hoard ever found in the UK – worth £3.285million.

At a treasure trove inquest on Tuesday, senior coroner Ian Smith joked the haul is likely to be ‘worth a bob or two’.

Pictured is one of the necklaces with trumpet shaped finials. The torcs were probably made in Europe, possibly Germany or France and probably worn by wealthy and powerful women

A formal valuation will now take place but a fund-raising campaign is expected to be launched within weeks aimed at securing the jewellery for permanent public display. An older Bronze Age torc, found in Northern Ireland, was valued at £150,000

The men are now planning to split the find 50/50 with landowner Stuart Heath.

Experts believe the Iron Age torcs were made in the third or fourth century BC, making them approximately 2,500 years old.  They were probably made in Europe, possibly Germany or France.

It is not known why the items were buried, but it could have been for safekeeping, as an offering to the gods, or as an act of remembrance after their owner died. Two of the pieces – a collar and a bracelet – are made of twisted gold wire.

Two have trumpet shaped finials and the bracelet also feature stunning Celtic decorations.  The decoration on the bracelet is thought to be some of the earliest Celtic art from Britain.

Dr Julia Farley, curator of British & European Iron Age collections for the British Museum, said: ‘This unique find is of international importance. It dates to around 400-250 BC, and is probably the earliest Iron Age gold work ever discovered in Britain.

‘The torcs were probably worn by wealthy and powerful women, perhaps people from the continent who had married into the local community.

The torcs were probably worn by wealthy women, perhaps people from the continent who had married into the local community

‘Piecing together how these objects came to be carefully buried in a Staffordshire field will give us an invaluable insight into life in Iron Age Britain.’

The finds, which are estimated to be around 18 carat gold, were spotted by lifelong friends Mr Hambleton and Mr Kania.

The friends were encouraged to get back into treasure hunting by Mr Hambleton’s father Roy who managed to see their incredible find before he passed away in January.

‘I used to go metal detecting with my dad when I was young and he said to me ‘why are you bothering fishing? You should be back in those fields’, Mr Hambleton said.

‘I am so glad we took his advice and pleased of course that he got the chance to see these amazing pieces and prove he was right all along.’

Mr Hambleton revealed he kept the collection by his bed overnight until they could report it. ‘We weren’t expecting to find anything’, he said.


‘I was just about ready to give up for the day when Joe said he thought he had found something. ‘We both looked at it and were speechless.

‘I kept the gold right next to my bed to make sure it was safe until we could hand them in to the experts.’

Mr Kania added: ‘We have found the odd Victorian coin, but mostly it has just been junk.

Joe Kania and Mark Hambleton made the discovery at the end of 2016

‘So I couldn’t believe it when I picked out this mud covered item and on cleaning it off, I thought this might actually be gold.’

The pair have said they plan to split any proceeds with the farming family which owns the 640 acres of land where the finds were discovered.

Landowner Stuart Heath said: ‘Mark has detected on our land before and it is amazing to think these gold pieces have been lying undiscovered since long before we farmed here.

‘Archaeologists have surveyed the site and all though this is very much a one-off find, we will all be fascinated to hear more about how the collection found its way from Europe to Staffordshire thousands of years ago.’

Pictured is the site in Leekfrith where two metal detectorists Joe Kania and Mark Hambleton unearthed the oldest Iron Age gold ever discovered in Britain

Staffordshire County Council leader Philip Atkins said: ‘As a county and as a council we are both proud and unbelievably lucky to be home to some truly exceptional finds, including of course the Staffordshire Hoard of Anglo-Saxon gold.

‘This amazing find of gold torcs in the north of the county is quite simply magical and we look forward to sharing the secrets and story they hold in the years to come.’

The finds have been handed over to the Portable Antiquities Scheme, part of Birmingham Museums, which manages the voluntary recording of finds. The pieces will now be provisionally valued by an expert.


P. Natasha Covers Classical Archaeology news and has been with Histecho since 2017. She has a Master's degree in MA Archaeology from New York University's Science, Health and Environmental Reporting program. A California native, she also holds a Bachelor of science in molecular biology and a Master of Science in biology from the University of California, San Diego.

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