Bhaskaracharya, not Newton, Discovered Gravitation; Clue of Gravity in 6000 BC ‘Prashnopanishad’:
So, we have Read in school that Sir Isaac Newton found the law of gravitation. This reality is engraved in our brain. It is no embellishment to state that Newton and Gravity are synonymous terms or two sides of a similar coin! The simple articulation of ‘gravity‘ will transport you to the landscape of Newton.
Yet, do you know Ancient Indian writings discover specify of attractive energy a large number of years prior before Newton found it? Bhaskaracharya, otherwise called Bhaskara II, the immense mathematician and astronomer from Karnataka, specified about the principles of attractive energy in his books written amidst the twelfth century. There was another Bhaskaracharya, an extraordinary mathematician and astronomer from Maharashtra, going back to the seventh century. He is known as Bhaskara I, to keep away from perplexity between the two Great Gurus and authors of Ancient India. While Bhaskara I composed Aryabhatiyabhasya in Sanskrit in composition frame, which is the most established known book on Mathematics and Astronomy and two more books, Bhaskara II composed Siddhanta Shiromani, a progression of four books on similar subjects.
The Surya Siddhanta, a treatise in Sanskrit on Astronomy and Mathematics, was composed as cadenced shloka (verses) amid the late fourth century. The writer of the book is obscure. History specialists credit the book to be composed by Aryabhatta, an Ancient Indian mathematician and astronomer. This book, having 14 parts and 500 shlokas, have been revamped and reexamined after some time, with a similar title being held. In this book, Aryabhatta likewise provides some insight about gravity, about a power that holds the earth in the Universe.
More Clues of information about the power of gravity has been in a roundabout way depicted in Ancient Indian writings going back to thousand of years. The Prashnopanishad, which was composed as a discourse between Sage Pippalada and his six followers, in 6000 BC, discovers specify about the world’s gravitational power. In a fascinating recess between the Teacher and the Student about the five components, the Teacher clarifies about earth as one of the components. As per him, the vitality (of the earth and water) controls the descending development in our bodies because of the gravitational Pull of the earth.
Forecasts and computations concerning the nearby planetary group said in the Surya Siddhanta are logically precise. For instance, the book specifies the world’s width to be 8,000 miles against the advanced precision of 7,928 miles. Bhaskaracharya (Bhaskara II) added an analysis to this book under the name of Siddhanta Shiromani in the 11th century. As indicated by his idea, as said in this book (Lilavati treatise of the book Series), the law of gravity is specified as:
“The earth has an Attracting force by which, it draws toward itself any heavy object in the air… this Attractive Power of the earth indicates why things situated at a lower part, or along the edges, don’t Fall from its surface.”
We have Read that Newton found the law of Gravitational energy, after he watched an apple Fall from a tree. The world trusted him. Newton rediscovered this very idea on a more extensive scale contrasted with Bhaskaracharya and called it the ‘Law of Gravity‘! Be that as it may, why the entire credit to Newton?
Do you know, ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) propelled Bhaskara I, India’s first low circle Earth Observation Satellite on 7 June 1979 to pay tribute to Bhaskara I? ISRO likewise propelled Bhaskara II, a comparable satellite for gathering information on telemetry, oceanography and hydrology, on 20 November 1981 out of appreciation for Bhaskaracharya (Bhaskara II).
Specialists and researchers from old India found a great many ideas concerning the universe and the close planetary system. This discover say in the Vedas and in a few books composed by astronomers and mathematicians. The majority of their counts done at once without the utilization of present day equipment like telescope, proven to be closely accurate to modern day calculations.