Archaeologists found 4,500-year-old ‘two ancient houses near the Giza Pyramid:
Archaeologists in Egypt have unearthed 2 ancient houses likely linked to the construction of the famous Giza pyramids.
The 4,500-year-old structure may have been home to kitchen officials and even a priest belonging to an ancient institution known as the ‘wadaat,’ based on the presence of seals discovered nearby according to Live Science.
Attached to the suspected priest’s residence, the scientist also found an object thought to have been used for brewing and breadmaking.
The two homes were found in a region that once served as a major port, and stand near a series of ‘galleries’ that housed upwards of 1k people.
Evidence found alongside the structure indicates they both played a role in food production.
While one may have been home to a person in charge of livestock, the priest figure was likely head of brewing and baking.
Feeding the occupants of the galleries would be a huge undertaking, requiring 1000 of pounds of food each day.
Those living there were likely part of a paramilitary force.
Some of the food may also have made its way to the nearby Pyramid of Menkaure, the researcher say, which was being built at the time.
Archaeologists have researched the secrets of the Giza pyramids over several decades, and continue to uncover more and more clues on their construction.
Research published that suggests the Egyptians used shadows cast during the equinox to achieve near-perfect alignment when building the Great Pyramid.
The method, known as the Indian circle method, would have relied on a wooden rod known as gnomon, to track the path of the sun throughout the day, allowing them to draw precise lines running east-west.
‘The builders of the Great Pyramid of Khufu aligned the great monument to the cardinal points with an accuracy of better than four minutes of arc or one-fifteenth of one degree,’ Dash wrote in the paper.
He added that all three of Egypt’s largest pyramid, including another located at Giza, ‘Khafre’, and the ‘Red Pyramids’ found at nearby Dahshur, share the same high degree of accuracy in their alignment with the cardinal points.
‘All 3 pyramids exhibit the same manner of error; they are rotated slightly counter-clockwise from the cardinal points,’ he wrote.
And last November, researchers revealed the discovery of a massive secret chamber within the Great Pyramid of Giza.
Researchers suggest the 30-meter0long passage could be a ‘construction gap’ – part of a trench that allowed workers to access the Grand Gallery and Kings Chamber while the rest of the pyramid was built.