Archaeologist Found, the massive ramp that may have been used to build Egypt’s Great Pyramid

Archaeologist Found, the massive ramp that may have been used to build Egypt's Great Pyramid
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  • Archaeologists discovered ancient ramp system at site in Egypt’s Eastern Desert
  • Slope is lined with two staircases and wooden poles where ropes would be tied
  • Researchers say this would lightened the load for workers dragging huge block

Archaeologists may finally be a step closer to understanding how Egypt’s Great Pyramid was built 1000’s of years ago.

The remains of a 4,500-year-old ramp system have been Exavated  in an ancient quarry in the Eastern Desert, according to Live Science.

Its design suggests the ramp was utilized to drag massive alabaster stones up a slope, using sleds and rope.

The remains of a 4,500-year-old ramp system have been unearthed in an ancient quarry in the Eastern Desert. Experts say such a design would have alleviated some of the burden for the workers who had to pull these huge loads
The remains of a 4,500-year-old ramp system have been unearthed in an ancient quarry in the Eastern Desert. Experts say such a design would have alleviated some of the burden for the workers who had to pull these huge loads

The ancient ramp was discovered at the site of Hatnub by specialists from the French Institute for Oriental Archaeology in Cairo and the University of Liverpool in England, Live Science reports.

Along its sides are two staircases lined with postholes, to which ropes were likely tied thousands of years back to drag the huge stone blocks.

Such a design would have alleviated some of the weight for the workers who had to pull these huge loads.

‘This system is composed of a central ramp flanked by two staircases with numerous post holes,’ Dr Yannis Gourdon, co-director of the joint mission at Hatnub, told Live Science.

‘Using a sled which carried a stone block and was attached with ropes to these wooden posts, ancient Egyptians were able to pull up the alabaster blocks out of the quarry on very steep slopes of 20 % or more,’ the researcher said. 

The researchers say the discovery is the first of its kind, according to Live Science, and shows clear sign that it dates ‘at least to Khufu’s reign’ – for whom the 481-foot Great Pyramid was built.

The Discovery is just the latest in a growing body of research attempting to finally get to the bottom of the Great Pyramid’s many mysteries. 

THE PYRAMID OF GIZA

The Great Pyramid at Giza is Egypt's largest pyramid, built for the pharaoh Khufu.
The Great Pyramid at Giza is Egypt’s largest pyramid, built for the pharaoh Khufu.

 For more than 4,500 years, Egypt’s pyramids have kept their secrets hidden deep within the labyrinth of passages and chambers that lie inside their towering stone structures.

But the long running row over whether the Great Pyramid of Giza is hiding a network of previously undiscovered tunnels behind its stone walls has now been answered.

The researchers confirmed the discovery using cosmic particles known as muons to scan the Great Pyramid of Giza.

They used the scans to create maps to reveal the internal structure of the 479 feet (146m) high pyramid.

A year ago thermal scanning identified a major anomaly in the Great Pyramid, the largest and oldest of the pyramids at Giza and one of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World.

Those scans recognized 3 adjacent stones at its base which registered higher temperatures than others.

Those scans identified 3 adjacent stones at its base which registered higher temperatures than others.

This led to theories that they may be hiding a secret chamber that had yet to be discovered.

Researchers close to uncovering mystery chamber in Khufu pyramid

A study published earlier this year discovered that the famous pyramid concentrates electric and magnetic energy into its internal chambers and below its base, creating pockets of higher energy.

If this concentrating effect is able to be recreated on a nanoscale size, it could lead to a wave of new, more efficient sensors and solar cells, the specialists claim.

Despite the ongoing efforts, however, much about the pyramid and its construction remains yet to be Known.

 

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P. Natasha Covers Classical Archaeology news and has been with Histecho since 2017. She has a Master's degree in MA Archaeology from New York University's Science, Health and Environmental Reporting program. A California native, she also holds a Bachelor of science in molecular biology and a Master of Science in biology from the University of California, San Diego.