Archaeologist Found A 2,000 Old ‘Roman Era’ Pet Cemetery Discovered In Egypt

Archaeologist Found 2,000 Year Old Pet Cemetery Discovered In Egypt
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Archaeologists have revealed a surprisingly modern find in the excavation of an ancient Egyptian town: a pet cemetery.

The cemetery is estimated to be about 2,000 years old, and holds the remains of scores of cats, along with dogs and monkeys.

Most of the pets were carefully covered, the archaeologists found – some still wearing their collars, with mats, vases, and in the case of two cats, ostrich-shell beads – indicating that the burials were deliberate and the animals were not discarded.

The care that was taken with the animals’ burials shows a deep emotional connection between faithful Fluffy and Fido and their owners in ancient old Egypt, said Dr. Marta Osypinska, who reported the researchers findings in the journal Antiquity.

The animals also seem to be pets instead of animals used in magical rituals like many of the animal burials in the Nile Valley, the researchers said.

While pet burials are not unusual in ancient Egypt, most previous finds have been pets covered alongside or near their owners. In the pet graveyard at Berenike, only 2 human burials were discovered, Osypinska said.

The rest of the cemetery went to the dogs (and cats).

The archaeologists stumbled on the cemetery while they were excavating a trash site outside the Red Sea port Village of Berenike.

The pet cemetery dates to sometime in the 1st or 2nd century C.E., when the town was under Roman control.

The town was always animal focused, the researchers said, and originally served as a waystation for elephants headed between battlefields.

While Egyptians were known for their adoration for cats, Romans love their dogs, and both are found in the pet cemetery.

One of the biggest surprises, the researchers stated, is that Berenike is a remote town that would have relied on food imports.

Even with the need to import food, one of the dogs found in the cemetery – a mastiff type dog, most likely imported from Greece or Rome, with advanced bone cancer – had a belly full of meat.

The pet cemetery is an strange find, but animal cemeteries are found throughout ancient Egypt, often containing scores of mummified cats or dogs that were used in ceremonial purposes.

The pets in the Berenike cemetery show no signs of having their necks broken, a typical find in the ritual animals’ cemeteries, Osypinska said.

And though it was found near a trash site, the graves all show signs of deliberate burial and many have grave goods, she said

Dispersion of small animal burials in one of the excavated trenches. The level of the trash dump is dated to the 2nd century AD.
Dispersion of small animal burials in one of the excavated trenches. The level of the trash dump is dated to the 2nd century AD.

 

Example of a mummified cat from ancient Egypt.
Example of a mummified cat from ancient Egypt.

 

Drawing of the remains found in another of the excavated trenches in Berenike, Egypt.
Drawing of the remains found in another of the excavated trenches in Berenike, Egypt.

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P. Natasha Covers Classical Archaeology news and has been with Histecho since 2017. She has a Master's degree in MA Archaeology from New York University's Science, Health and Environmental Reporting program. A California native, she also holds a Bachelor of science in molecular biology and a Master of Science in biology from the University of California, San Diego.