A reconstruction of a helmet found in the Staffordshire hoard, at the Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery.

Anglo-Saxon Ornate gold helmet from Staffordshire hoard recreated | Histecho

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SUN 13 JAN 2019 08:52 PM.

Experts working on the Staffordshire hoard have recreated one of its great treasure, a rare gold helmet, revealing for the 1st time the spectacular impression its original wearer would have made.

The hoard, found by a metal detectorist in a field near Lichfield in 2009, is the largest collection of Anglo Saxon gold and silver metalwork ever found.

But while the quality of its workmanship was exceptional, most of its items were deliberately bent or broken into more than 4000 pieces before being buried in the ground in the 7th century.

A 3rd of the pieces were found to belong to an ornate Anglo Saxon helmet – an exceptionally rare find as only four other examples have ever been found.

With some of the fragments only a few millimetres in size, But, it would never have been possible to reconstruct the original.

Instead its conservators, working with the school of jewellery at Birmingham City University and experts in woodworking, leather and metal working, have created 2 replicas to be housed in museums in Birmingham and Stoke-on-Trent, which jointly own the hoard.

Pieta Grieves, one of the conservators, said the reconstruction, which emerged from a research project partly funded by Historic England, was a very slow process.

Once the items in the hoard were cleaned, she said, “we had the crest [the piece that runs along the top] and the cheek pieces, so we thought we must have a helmet, but we spent a lot of time discussing it, thinking about how all the piece’s would come together. Was it one helmet or two?”

Detail of the helmet
Detail of the helmet

Eventually they were able to work out its basic structures, built on a steel frame with a leather liner and covered with gold panels (and one made of silver) showing beasts and warriors standing with their weapons or bowing to show fealty to their king.

As the helmet was missing its frames and key decorative sections, parts of the replicas have relied on what Grieves called “an academically respectable guesstimate” of what the original probably looked like, based on comparisons with other Anglo Saxon, Scandinavian and Roman examples.

The replica is notable for its striking crest of red horsehair, which differs dramatically from the dragon like creature on the crest that tops the Sutton Hoo helmet, for example, which expert’s believe was made around the same time in a similar area of eastern England.

Grieves, who has worked on the hoard since 2013, said there was no direct proofs that crest was topped with horsehair – “feathers are another option” – but its open style crest was unique among Anglo Saxon examples and “gives it a Roman look”.

All the known Anglo Saxon helmets were inspired by their Roman predecessors, she said, and each was unique. “They are not making lots of one design, they are making each one specially, for a special person.”

She said she hoped the replicas would help to bring the hoard alive to visitor’s. “It is quite hard sometimes to understand the hoard as a lot of fragments.

We dont have any whole swords, we dont have any large objects. This really does give a centrepiece to that collection – it is a bit more human. This is something that was worn by a real person, and it is a magnificent thing. It really shows what power they would have had.”


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Jessica Saraceni has been a part of Histecho Since 2018, drawn to the site for its quirky character and through Articles about the Mysteries of earth and human behavior. previously, she was an assistant editor and Research fellow at Archaeology magazine, where she gained an appreciation for the field work. A master's degree in biogeochemistry and environmental science from the Center for Archaeological Research, the University of Texas at San Antonio. She enjoys all forms of exercise; reading works by her favorite author, Haruki Murakami; and playing with her sons.

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