This year has been memorable for many reasons – some bad, and some great.But in the world of archaeology, a veritable smorgasbord of discoveries have been uncovered over the last 12 months, allowing us to dig deeper into our history. As 2016 comes to an end, we investigated probably the most interesting archaeological finds in Britain. So, Here is the List of 5 Major groundbreaking Archaeological Discoveries finds in Britain this year.
1. Lindisfarne monastery
An amateur archaeologist stumbled upon an incredible find in Northumberland in July: an uncommon grave marker from the mid 7th to 8th Century believed to be evidence of Britain’s most famous monastery, Lindisfarne.
One of England’s earliest Christian monasteries, it was originally established in 635AD but was was ransacked by the Vikings around 1,300 years ago.
The Lindisfarne monastery is home to one the most delightful books in Europe, the Lindisfarne Gospels, which incorporates Celtic, Mediterranean and Anglo-Saxon designs and is thought to be dedicated to Saint Cuthbert.
2. The women of Stonehenge
The origin and motivation behind Stonehenge, one of the world’s most famous prehistoric landmarks, is an enduring mystery – but scientists are gradually finding out more about the stones.
A recent excavation of “Aubrey Hole 7”- one of 56 pits dug outside of the circle of stone – Unearth the bodies of the women, who were buried between 3100 BCE and 2140 BCE.
Archaeologists trust anyone buried at the site had a high social status, so the discover challenges assumptions about the role of women in neolithic times.
3. Black Death plague pit
An extremely uncommon mass grave of plague victims in was discovered at 14th century monastery hospital in Lincolnshire by University of Sheffield archaeologists in November.
The 48 skeletons – 27 of which were Kids- show how the small community was overwhelmed by the Black Death, one of the worst pandemics in mankind’s history.
The Black Death, which was most likely bubonic torment, claimed the lives of an estimated 75 to 200 million individuals across Europe between 1346 and 1353.
One of the archaeologists on the dig, Dr Hugh Willmott, stated: “The finding of a previously unknown and totally unexpected mass burial dating to this period in a quiet corner of rural Lincolnshire is thus far unique, and sheds insight into the real difficulties faced by a small community ill prepared to face such a devastating threat.”
4. Earliest surviving fresco from Roman Britain
The painting most likely to have been utilizedto decorate a reception room where guests were entertained.
Scientists are now studying the elaborate fresco further to find out more about the fashions and interiors favoured by London’s first wealthy citizens.
5. Oldest handwritten documents
In June, archaeologists Found the earliest-known handwritten documents in Britain among a haul of more than 400 waxed writing tablets, utilized by Romans for note-taking.
The artefacts were found during excavations for Bloomberg’s new London-based headquarters and reveal what life was like in the city under Roman rule.
Some of the wooden tablets have been deciphered to uncover names, events and business transactions.
Latin expert Roger Tomlin, who translated the tablets, stated: “The Bloomberg writing tablets are very vital for the early history of Roman Britain, and London in particular.
I am so lucky to be the 1st to read them again, after more than Nineteen centuries, and to imagine what these people were like, who founded city of London.”